Bed bugs occur around the world. Rates of infestations in developed countries while decreasing from the 1930s to the 1980s have increased dramatically since the 1980s. Previous to this they were common in the developing world but rare in the developed world. The increase in the developed world may have been caused by increased international travel, resistance to insecticides, and the use of new pest-control methods that do not affect bed bugs. The fall in bed bug populations after the 1930s in the developed world is believed to be partly due to the usage of DDT to kill cockroaches. The invention of the vacuum cleaner and simplification of furniture design may have also played a role. Others believe it might simply be the cyclical nature of the organism.
Cimicidae or bed bugs (sometimes bedbugs), are small parasitic insects. The most common type is Cimex lectularius. The term usually refers to species that prefer to feed on human blood. All insects in this family live by feeding exclusively on the blood of warm-blooded animals
People can carry bed bugs on luggage, clothes, bedding, furniture, or other objects and can pick them up in hotels.
Hotels, homeless shelters, furnished apartments, and dormitories are most at risk.
Second-hand mattresses and furniture can be a source.
Using a flashlight and magnifying glass, look for bed bugs, their dark fecal spots, and light-brown shed skins.
Focus on mattresses, box springs, bed frames, and areas around the bed.
Bed bugs like to hide. Remove bedding. Look in cracks and holes. Turn furniture upside down and take apart.
Bed bug detection traps are available.
Vacuum along mattress seams, baseboards, and other areas.
Wash all bedding and clothing in hot (120°F) water and dry in a hot dryer.
Consider steam cleaning.
If possible, replace infested mattresses.
Specially designed mattress encasements might be helpful.
Hire an experienced pest control professional. They have access to the most effective products.
For more information contact PestTechs Pest control at 505.609.8202
*Cited from UC Davis Integrated Pest Management Program & Wikipedia